By Paul Tennant
This booklet provides the 1st finished remedy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to envision the trendy political historical past of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and provides special recognition to the newest court docket judgements, govt rules, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a debatable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the environment for the main severe and protracted calls for via local humans, and likewise for the most powerful and so much constant competition to local claims by way of governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the basic query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the prospect. delivering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas was once principally answerable for the long run process the land query. unlike what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia all started their land claims before everything of white cost and endured regardless of the big efforts of missionaries and govt officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this publication as political innovators who maintained their id and beliefs and who this day have extra energy and solidarity than ever ahead of. the writer has performed wide interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the interior workings of presidency firms and Indian political firms. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on disasters and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technological know-how on the collage of British Columbia.". This publication is meant for.
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Extra info for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
In early 1851 similar purchases were made from two Kwagiulth communities at Fort Rupert at thé north end of thé Island. Later in thé same year Douglas was appointed governor of thé colony, but he retained his company position. In 1852 two purchases were made on thé Saanich Peninsula, and in 1854 one was made at Nanaimo. For thé most part thé purchases were paid for not with thé cash referred to in thé documents, but with blankets and with thé value of blankets inflated by several times their cost to thé Company.
40 But there Douglas himself does not appear to have recognized aboriginal title even rhetorically, and he certainly took no action to extinguish it. Douglas seems not to have regarded his treaties as being of great consequence. Indeed, no reasonable person could have regarded them as having improved the lot of the Indians. The fourteen communities, most of them adjacent to white settlements, were the very ones suffering the greatest individual and communal ills by the time the mainland colony was created.
13 The starting point for each treaty was that local communities of Indians were recognized as owning every square inch of their traditional lands. " Although differing in détail, thé Douglas treaties are similar in principle to thé treaties concluded in 1850 between thé colony of Canada and Indians in northern Ontario. 14 The British Columbia treaties followed no formula and left only a few acres to each Indian community, but they did leave thèse under aboriginal title, as was not thé case in Ontario.
Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989 by Paul Tennant