Download e-book for kindle: Aid Relationships in Asia: Exploring Ownership in Japanese by Alf Morten Jerve, Yasutami Shimomura, Annette Skovsted

By Alf Morten Jerve, Yasutami Shimomura, Annette Skovsted Hansen (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0230389171

ISBN-13: 9780230389175

ISBN-10: 1349281778

ISBN-13: 9781349281770

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Extra info for Aid Relationships in Asia: Exploring Ownership in Japanese and Nordic Aid

Sample text

4 Actors in aid relations documents these days. This refers most often to the government or at times to the entire polity of a country (B ϩ C). The WB has given the following definition of country ownership (WB 2003:80): (a) Identification of development goals and formulation of strategy by the country, not by the donors. (b) Regular, broad-based stakeholder participation under government leadership, including civil society, the private sector, local governments and parliaments, with sustained political support from the top political leadership and intellectual conviction amongst the key policy makers, and strong links to institutions.

Many readily attributed the difficulties experienced with SAPs to a lack of institutional capacity and willingness on the part of recipient governments to carry through economic reforms. Consequently, the domain of aid conditionality swiftly extended to cover ‘political’ conditionality, calling for political reform and multi-party democracy in order to make economic reforms more credible and sustainable. However, despite adding an array of political and economic conditionalities, the donor community continued to face an uneasy reality: ex-ante policy conditionality as instituted was not effective in tying recipient governments to donors’ reform agendas (for example, Killick 1996, 1997; Collier, 1998).

In a more detailed study of Uganda, where foreign aid has financed about half of government expenditure over the last decade, Adam and Gunning (2002) argue that the use of sector-specific detailed performance indicators, chosen jointly by the government and the EU, has changed donor–recipient relations with a beneficial effect. However, they note several difficulties that have been encountered, not only in deciding on genuine outcome indicators and verifying them, but also in dealing with tension between the monitoring and incentive functions of performance indicators.

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Aid Relationships in Asia: Exploring Ownership in Japanese and Nordic Aid by Alf Morten Jerve, Yasutami Shimomura, Annette Skovsted Hansen (eds.)

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