By Jurgen Heideking, Christoph Mauch, EDITOR *
Even paranoids have enemies. Hitler’s strongest foes have been the Allied powers, yet he additionally feared inner conspiracies bent on overthrowing his malevolent regime. in reality, there has been a small yet major inner resistance to the Nazi regime, and it did obtain aid from the skin international. via lately declassified intelligence records, this publication finds for the 1st time the full tale of America’s wartime wisdom approximately, encouragement of, and mystery collaboration with the German resistance to Hitler—including the well-known July twentieth plot to assassinate the Fuehrer.The U.S. government’s mystery contacts with the anti-Nazi resistance have been performed by way of the OSS, the realm conflict II predecessor to the CIA. hugely delicate intelligence reviews lately published via the CIA make it obtrusive that the U.S. executive had immense wisdom of what was once happening contained in the 3rd Reich. for instance, a capitulation supply to the western Allies into account via count number von Moltke in 1943 was once completely mentioned in the U.S. executive. And Allen Dulles, who was once later to develop into head of the CIA, used to be good trained concerning the mythical plot of July twentieth. actually, those mystery studies from inside of Germany supply a well-rounded photo of German society, revealing the professional- or anti-Nazi attitudes of alternative social teams (workers, church buildings, the army, etc.). The newly published records additionally express that students within the OSS, a lot of them recruited from ivy-league universities, searched for anti-Nazi activities and leaders to assist create a democratic Germany after the war.Such intelligence collecting used to be a big activity of the OSS. even though, OSS director “Wild invoice” Donovan and others favourite subversive operations, spreading disinformation, and issuing propaganda. Unorthodox and sometimes harmful schemes have been built, together with bogus “resistance newspapers,” anti-Nazi letters and postcards disbursed in the course of the German postal carrier, sabotage, and pretend radio publicizes from “German generals” calling for uprisings opposed to the regime.This is way greater than a documentary assortment. Explanatory footnotes offer a wealth of historical past details for the reader, and a complete advent places the files into their wider old viewpoint. prepared in chronological order, those intelligence experiences supply a desirable new point of view at the tale of the German resistance to Hitler and display an fascinating and formerly unexplored point of America’s conflict with Hitler.
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Additional resources for American Intelligence And The German Resistance: A Documentary History (Widerstand, Dissent and Resistance in the Third Reich)
1943 This page intentionally left blank Document? • 13Januarjl943 Telegram from Allen W. Dulles (OSS Bern)1 to OSS Washington: German Efforts to Establish Contact with Americans SECEET TOR: 1/16/43 2:43 pm f 278. Burns for Victor. Axis nationals and those of Axis controlled countries are trying to communicate with us as a result of the Russian offensive2 which is deeply affecting public opinion. 7 He said that it is very important that encouragement be offered to the effect that negotiation with the United Nations for a durable peace could be instituted if the Nazi leaders were eliminated by the group resisting them.
To divide labor, especially in munition plants, from the government. 2. To re-enforce distrust of the army command among soldiers from industrial labor families. 3. To increase hatred of war among the women of labor families. Other objectives, more generally applicable to enemy populations apply 1942 28 also to labor. The above three objectives comprise the main points precisely aimed at labor. (b) In enemy-held, and enemy-dominated lands. 1. To slow down labor, employed in munition plants producing for the enemy, 2.
5. S. citizen with German background, was one of Allen Dulles's closest collaborators. 6. Martin Niernoiler, a leader of the confessional church movement in Germany, had been sent to a concentration camp by the Nazis in 1937, 7. Since 1937 Hjalmar Schacht was in contact with conservative circles of the German opposition against Hitler. 37 38 1943 of success for the movement. It is my personal opinion that there has as yet been no serious organization of the movement. Documents • 14Janoarjl943 Telegram from Allen W.
American Intelligence And The German Resistance: A Documentary History (Widerstand, Dissent and Resistance in the Third Reich) by Jurgen Heideking, Christoph Mauch, EDITOR *