By Bernard Morrill
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics
T h e r e are other properties which will be introduced from time to time as needed. T h e r e is an additional classification for t h e r m o d y n a m i c properties based upon w h e t h e r the properties are additive or not. Extensive property, such as v o l u m e and m a s s , is additive; that is, a property of the whole system which is equal to the sum of all its parts is an extensive property. Intensive property, such as p r e s s u r e and t e m p e r a t u r e , is not additive; that is, an intensive property is the same for all parts of a system in equilibrium.
3) with respect to the total and internal energies of the system. T h e total energy change must be used for First Law of Thermodynamics I Ex at t= f, + 0 + Ο + W E2 (a) 25 at f= U (b) Fig. 10 the open system b e c a u s e of the possible change in kinetic and potential energies within the system, while the closed system is adequately described by the internal energy change. T h e o p e n system when c o m p a r e d to the isolated system allows both m a t t e r and energy to be interchanged with the environment.
Of course, the results are still only valid for a perfect gas. O n e must r e m e m ber that if the process is adiabatic but irreversible, then the inverse action of going from Eq. 10) to the original Eq. 1) is not permissible. T h e values of the w o r k or heat of an irreversible process cannot be calculated using a reversible process as t h e model. T h e concepts in the last paragraph are very important in t h e r m o dynamic problem solving. C o n s i d e r t w o identical piston-cylinder devices.
An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics by Bernard Morrill