An Introduction to Syntactic Analysis and Theory - download pdf or read online

By H. Koopman, D. Sportiche, E. Stabler

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And I’m fine thank you). But when we study the matter more carefully, we find that the number of sentences that people actually produce is very large, so large that if you count all the sentences people say, well over half of them are sentences that will only ever be spoken or written once. One way to see this is in studies of the large bodies of texts which are electronically accessible. These texts are not literal transcriptions of what people say, of course, but they provide a reasonable representation of the kinds of things people might say or read and judge to be acceptable.

MORPHOLOGY: STARTING WITH WORDS 26 towel racks, sail boats parts supplier, salesman (plural) (singular) In languages in which nouns are marked for gender, like German, it is the right hand member of a compound that determines the gender. der Tisch die Lampe die Tisch Lampe ‘the table, the desk’ ‘the lamp’ ‘the desk lamp’ (masc) (fem) (fem) The right hand element also determines the basic semantic properties of the compound. For example, an apple pie is a type of pie, and jetblack is a type of black, and a blackbird is a type of bird.

For example, the nouns bulletin and board combine to form bulletin board = ‘a board for posting bulletins’ but they can also combine to form the less usual board bulletin = ‘a bulletin about the board’. 2. ’ And so on. In general, English allows free noun compounding. Suppose there were just 2 nouns. Then we could make 4 noun compounds of length 2, 8 compounds of length 3, and so on. With 2 nouns, there are 2n compounds of length n. Human vocabulary sizes are difficult to estimate, but certainly every reader of this text knows many thousands of different nouns.

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An Introduction to Syntactic Analysis and Theory by H. Koopman, D. Sportiche, E. Stabler


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